||Case Western Reserve University, 1975
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American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology
American Psychological Association
Association for Doctoral Education in Clinical Neuropsychology
Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disease
International Neuropsychological Society
International Society for Research in Emotions
National Academy of Neuropsychology
New York Academy of Sciences
New York Neuropsychology Group
New York State Psychological Association
Society of Craniofacial Genetics
Society of Sigma Xi
Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology
Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
The Neuropsychology of Emotion
The main area of Dr. Borod’s program of research investigates brain mechanisms underlying the neuropsychological processing of emotion from a multidimensional perspective. Her research examines emotional expression, perception, and experience across multiple communication channels (e.g., facial, prosodic/intonational, and lexical/verbal). Her work, to date, has made contributions to neuropsychological theory on emotional processing and to the clinical assessment of emotional deficits in neuropsychiatric disorders. The basic premise of our work is that emotion involves various components that utilize different brain systems. Our goal has been to work towards developing a comprehensive neuropsychological model of emotional processing.
In the mid-1990s, we developed an extensive battery of tests to assess emotional processing deficits -- the New York Emotion Battery. Over the years, this battery has been used to study emotional processing deficits in a range of neurological populations, including stroke, movement disorders, and epilepsy. The emotion battery has also been used to study emotional processing in normal adults across the life span. Current work in our laboratory is evaluating emotional processing deficits in Parkinson’s disease.
Emanating from this program of research, in 2000, Dr. Borod published an edited volume, The Neuropsychology of Emotion, with Oxford University Press. The volume presents a comprehensive overview of the neuropsychology of emotion and the neural mechanisms underlying emotional processing. It draws on recent studies utilizing behavioral paradigms with normal subjects, the brain lesion approach, clinical evaluations of patients with neurological and psychiatric disorders, and neuroimaging techniques. A unique feature of the book is that it provides treatment and rehabilitation interventions for individuals with emotional processing deficits. This volume is an important resource and text for psychologists, neurologists, neuroscientists, speech pathologists, psychiatrists, and rehabilitation specialists.
Cognitive Processing in Parkinson’s Disease
Another area of research conducted in Dr. Borod’s laboratory pertains to the study of cognitive processing in non-demented individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Over the years, our research has examined cognitive functions, such as visual perception, spatial orientation, verbal fluency, memory, and set-shifting. In 2000, 2003 and 2004, we published papers describing a standardized method for collecting neuropsychological data in PD patients undergoing the deep brain stimulation (DBS) procedure. The papers demonstrated the feasibility of and provided data from the Program for Neuropsychological Investigation of DBS. We demonstrated that individuals with PD experience minimal cognitive decline following the DBS procedure.
Brickman, A.M., Buchsbaum, M.S., Ivanov, Z., Borod, J.C., Foldi, N.S., Hahn, E., Mitelman, S.A., Hazlett, E.A., Lincoln, S.J., Newmark, R.E. and Shihabuddin, L. Internal capsule size in good and poor outcome schizophrenia. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 2006, 18, 364-376.
Hilz, M. J., Devinsky, O., Szczepanska, H., Borod, J., Marthol, H. and Tutaj, M. Right ventromedial prefrontal lesions result in paradoxical cardiovascular activation with emotional stimuli. Brain, 2006, 129, 3343- 3355.
Madigan, N.K., Borod, J., Ehrlichman, H. and Tweedy, J.R. Hedonic experience of odors and facial expressions of emotion in individuals with unilateral brain lesions. In A. V. Clark Ed.), The Psychology of Moods: New Research (pp. 205-240). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 2006.
Nakhutina, L., Borod, J. and Zgaljardic, D. Posed prosodic emotional expression in unilateral stroke patients: Recovery, lesion location, and emotional perception. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 2006, 21, 1-13.
Zgaljardic, D.J., Borod, J., Foldi, N.S., Mattis, P.J., Gordon, M.F., Feigin, A. and Eidelberg, D. An examination of executive dysfunction associated with frontostriatal circuitry in Parkinson’s disease. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 2006, 28, 1127-1144.
Bender, H., Dumer, A. and Borod, J. A neuropsychological approach to defining emotion. The Emotion Researcher, 2007, 22, 11-12.
Dumer, A., Frisina, P. and Borod, J. Anosognosia, confabulation, and dreams: A neuopsychological perspective. Cortex, 2007, 43, 1111-1112.
Kazandjian, S., Borod, J. and Brickman, A. Facial expression during emotional monologues in unilateral stroke: An analysis of monologue segments. Applied Neuropsychology, 2007, 14, 235-246.
Zgaljardic, D., Borod, J., Foldi, N., Rocco, M., Mattis, P., Gordon, M., Feigin, A. and Eidelberg, D. Relationship between self-reported apathy symptoms and executive dysfunction in nondemented patients with Parkinson’s disease. Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, 2007, 20, 184-192.
Creighton, J., Bender, H. and Borod, J. A review of The Banana Lady and other stories of curious behavior and speech. Applied Neuropsychology, 2008, 15, 224-225.
Frisina, P.G., Borod, J., Foldi, N.S. and Tenenbaum, H.R. Depression in Parkinson’s disease: Health risks, etiology, and treatment options. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 2008, 4, 81-91.
Frisina, P.G., Tenenbaum, H.R., Borod, J. and Foldi, N. The effects of antidepressants in Parkinson’s disease: A meta-analysis. International Journal of Neuroscience, 2008, 118, 667-682.
Pihan, H., Tabert, M., Assuras, S. and Borod, J. Unattended emotional intonations modulate linguistic prosody processing. Brain and Language, 2008, 105, 141-147.
Abreu, B.C., Zgaljardic, D., Seale, G., Temple, R.O., Borod, J. and Ostir, G. Emotional regulation and disability after brain injury. In C. Christiansen & K. Matuska (Eds.), Life balance: Biological, psychological, and sociological perspectives on lifestyle and health. Bethesda, MD: American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc., in press.
Halbig, T.D., Kopp, U.A., Wodarz, F., Borod, J.C., Gracies, J.M., Ebersbach, G. and Kupsch, A. Dopaminergic modulation of emotional memory in Parkinson’s disease. Journal of Neural Transmission, in press.
Rogers, K., Gates, N., Dumer, A., Assuras, S., Halfacre, M. and Borod, J. The study of emotion and the interaction between emotion and cognition: Methodological considerations. In S. Wood, N. Allen, & C. Panttelis (Eds.), Handbook of Neuropsychology of Mental Illness. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, in press.