Wednesday, October 18, 2006

Visit excavations at King Manor House

Today the centerpiece of an 11-acre New York City park in Jamaica, Queens, King Manor Museum was the home and farm of Founding Father Rufus King from 1805 to 1827. Rufus King was an author of the U.S. Constitution, as well as one of New York's first United States Senators, Ambassador to Great Britain and an early, and outspoken, opponent of slavery. King Manor has been a museum since 1900. Dr. Christopher Matthews has been excavating at King Manor since 2004 and he will share with us some of his knowledge about the site. Please register for this visit with the Anthropology Society at or come Monday Oct 16th TO PH 115 during free hour.

Meet by QC Main Entrance at 11:15 AM

Monday, October 23, 2006
Bake Sale

Wednesday, 25 October 11, 2006
Powdermaker Hall 115
12:15 - 1:30

Anthropology Film Series
"Myths and the Moundbuilders"
DER Documentary
Throughout most of the nineteenth century, it was believed that the tens of thousands of earthen mounds that dotted the central United States were engineering feats created by a mysterious, lost race - a race that had been destroyed by the less civilized Indians. Poet William Cullen Bryant, in 1832, expressed the sentiment of the period:

The red man came, The roaming hunter tribes, warlike and fierce, And the moundbuilders vanished from the earth.

By the late 1880s, it was becoming clear that the mounds were actually built by ancestors of the numerous native American groups that still inhabited the central states, such as the Natchez. This film reconstructs the history of ideas associated with the mounds and their builders, from the mid-nineteenth century explorations of curious citizens, to contemporary archaeological research in the Illinois River Valley. It is now known that there were at least two major mound-building cultures: the Hopewell, which flourished between 300 B.C. and 300 A.D., and the Mississippian, which peaked around 1200 A.D. Hopewellian mounds are usually conical, earthen structures concealing burials in which marvelously carved stone pipes and mica cutouts are found along with skeletal remains. The later Mississippian mounds tend to be square or rectangular, massive, flat-topped, mesa-like platforms on which houses or temples were erected. Archaeologists believe that a shift to settled maize agriculture had occurred by the time the Mississippian cultures appeared. Such an economic base permitted the growth of veritable metropolises, such as Cahokia, near East St. Louis, where the largest mound stands 100 feet high and covers an area of almost 15 acres. At Cahokia, over 100 mounds formed the heart of a city-state that may have had a population of 20,000 and dominated an area about the size of New York State.

Wednsday, November 8, 2006
Powdermaker Hall 115
12:15 - 1:30

Anthropology Film Series
"Blue's Group: A. afarensis"

Wednsday, November 29, 2006
Powdermaker Hall 115
12:15 - 1:30

Anthropology Film Series
"Barbie Nation"

Previous Events:

Sigma-Xi Poster Session
10AM to 1 PM
New Science Building, Lobby

Please visit the posters presented by Queens College Anthropology Majors and their faculty advisors:

Patty Sherin and Kate Pechenkina.
        Age at death is frequently estimated from human skeletal remains in forensic analysis and studies of ancient human skeletons. A number of articulating skeletal surfaces, including pubic symphysis, auricular surface, and sternal ends of ribs, has been shown to experience a predictable sequence of morphological changes with progressing age (Lovejoy and Mendel 1985). Metamorphosis of these surfaces evaluated macroscopically is the bases for a plethora of age estimating techniques. Unfortunately, being quite vulnerable to the diagenesis, articulating surfaces can be degraded even in the otherwise perfectly preserved skeletal remains. Skeletal remains of fire victims and ancient people buried in acidic soils or under unstable water and temperature regimes these surfaces are practically always destroyed, rendering the convention methods of estimating age unusable.

        Here we explore the possibility of using morphological changes in the trabecular structure of os coxa as seen on radiographs for age assessment. Our pilot study is based on 21 ossa coxarum from the collection of the Anthropology Department at Queens College. We observe a marked reduced trabecular density, thinning of tensile trabeculae, and increased radiolucency in older individuals. The ranking performed in accordance with these changes shows high and statistically significant correlation of 0.82 (p<0.001, 20 d. f.) with the phases of age related metamorphosis of pubic symphysis scored according to a conventional procedure following the recommendations of Lovejoy et al. 1985.

Anna Serrano,
Carlos Penaloza, and Zahra Zakeri

        Hydrogen peroxide is one of the main reactive oxygen species and is a precursor for a variety of free radicals. Oxidative stress, which is caused by peroxides or free radicals, has been implicated in a number of diseases including neurodegenerative disease, cancer, diabetes mellitus, and atherosclerosis. It has been reported for several cell lines that exposure to low-grade H2O2 can exert a growth-stimulatory effect. As the concentration level of H2O2 increases so do the defense mechanisms of the cell. At sub-lethal levels of H2O2 dosages growth arrest is observed. Here we asked, what are the effects of different concentrations of H2O2 on cell cycle in regard to cell division and cell death? MDCK cells were used and exposed to a range of 200ÁM to 2900ÁM of H2O2. We found that at 200ÁM concentration there is an increase in the amount of cell division whereas we get cell death when we use 2900ÁM of H2O2. Our findings agree with some observations and indicate that the concentration of H2O2 can regulate the physiology and behavior of cells. However, it is not known how H2O2 does this. We are now exploring what pathways are used by H2O2 to kill cells.

The Queens Historical Society will be hosting
a guest lecture by Queens College Professor of Anthropology,


Thimbles, Teapots and Women's Work:
The New Domesticity In Early 19th Century Flushing

March 26, 2006
2:30 PM
Kingsland Homestead
143-35 37th Avenue

The talk pays tribute to Women's History Month as Dr. Moore discusses the changing constructs of women's roles in Flushing households during the progression from the 18th to the 19th century. Dr. Moore will be using his archaeological findings to illustrate daily life as it was in Queens households of the past. The lecture, "Thimbles, Teapots and Women's Work: The New Domesticity In Early 19th Century Flushing". The lecture is free of charge with regular admission to the house museum: adults $3, students and seniors $2. For further information call 718-939-0647 ext. 17 (Monday-Friday, 9:30-5:00) An 18th century Queens household would appear chaotic to modern eyes as it served both as a forum for business and residence. Both family members and employees worked together interchangeably in the household performing a wide range of activities from cooking to budgeting. This communal nature of managing a household would soon change as the 19th century brought formal divisions between residences and places of business, creating boundaries between the shared duties of fathers, women and children. The 19th century brought the relocation of work outside of the household. This move would segregate women from the workplace, leading to new formal divisions in household roles. Women and children found themselves to belong at home, removed from the workplace and left to focus on domestic life. The onset of this "New Domesticity" marks the emergence of a new role for women and redefines previous definitions of women's work.

Black History Month

Video Presentation

Race: The Power of Illusion
"The Difference Between Us"

Wednesday, Feb 22
12:15 - 1:45 PM
Student Union 310

Powdermaker Hall 314
65-30 Kissena Blvd
Flushing, NY, 11367
Phone: (718) 997-5510
Fax: (718) 997-2885